Grip type and task goal modify reach-to-grasp performance in post-stroke hemiparesis

Sydney Schaefer, Stacey L. DeJong, Kendra M. Cherry, Catherine E. Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated whether grip type and/or task goal influenced reaching and grasping performance in poststroke hemiparesis. Sixteen adults with poststroke hemiparesis and twelve healthy adults reached to and grasped a cylindrical object using one of two grip types (3-finger or palmar) to achieve one of two task goals (hold or lift). Performance of the stroke group was characteristic of hemiparetic limb movement during reach-to-grasp, with more curved handpaths and slower velocities compared with the control group. These effects were present regardless of grip type or task goal. Other measures of reaching (reach time and reach velocity at object contact) and grasping (peak thumb-index finger aperture during the reach and peak grip force during the grasp) were differentially affected by grip type, task goal, or both, despite the presence of hemiparesis, providing new evidence that changes in motor patterns after stroke may occur to compensate for stroke-related motor impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-264
Number of pages20
JournalMotor Control
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hand Strength
Paresis
Stroke
Fingers
Thumb
Extremities
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Functional performance
  • Motor control
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Schaefer, S., DeJong, S. L., Cherry, K. M., & Lang, C. E. (2012). Grip type and task goal modify reach-to-grasp performance in post-stroke hemiparesis. Motor Control, 16(2), 245-264.

Grip type and task goal modify reach-to-grasp performance in post-stroke hemiparesis. / Schaefer, Sydney; DeJong, Stacey L.; Cherry, Kendra M.; Lang, Catherine E.

In: Motor Control, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2012, p. 245-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schaefer, S, DeJong, SL, Cherry, KM & Lang, CE 2012, 'Grip type and task goal modify reach-to-grasp performance in post-stroke hemiparesis', Motor Control, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 245-264.
Schaefer, Sydney ; DeJong, Stacey L. ; Cherry, Kendra M. ; Lang, Catherine E. / Grip type and task goal modify reach-to-grasp performance in post-stroke hemiparesis. In: Motor Control. 2012 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 245-264.
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