Goal-relevant dimensions of hypochondriacal tendencies and their relation to symptom manifestation and psychological distress

Len Lecci, Paul Karoly, Linda S. Ruehlman, Richard I. Lanyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

A national sample of 60 male and 61 female adults completed a telephone interview that included measures of hypochondriacal tendencies, psychological distress, and symptom manifestation. They also provided cognitive evaluations for their most important health goal on Scales measuring self-efficacy, value, planning, self-reward, self-criticism, self-monitoring, social comparison, and positive and negative goal-based arousal. Health goal cognition significantly predicted hypochondriacal tendencies measured 15 to 30 days after the goal assessment, even after controlling for chronic illness diagnosis. Correlations between goal cognition and hypochondriacal tendencies differed from those observed for psychological distress, and no significant correlations emerged with symptom manifestation. Results support a motivational account of hypochondriacal tendencies and extend previous goals research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-52
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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