Abstract

The explosive use of social media, in information dissemination and communication, has also made it a popular platform for the spread of rumors. Rumors could be easily propagated and received by a large number of users in social media, resulting in catastrophic effects in the physical world in a very short period. It is a challenging task, if not impossible, to apply classical supervised learning methods to the early detection of rumors, since the labeling process is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Motivated by the fact that abundant label information of historical rumors is publicly available, in this paper, we propose to investigate whether knowledge learned from historical data could potentially help identify newly emerging rumors. In particular, since a disputed factual claim arouses certain reactions such as curiosity, skepticism, and astonishment, we identify and utilize patterns from prior labeled data to help reveal emergent rumors. Experimental results on real-world data sets demonstrate the effectiveness. Further experiments are conducted to show how much earlier it can detect an emerging rumor than traditional approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 17th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining, SDM 2017
PublisherSociety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications
Pages99-107
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781611974874
StatePublished - 2017
Event17th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining, SDM 2017 - Houston, United States
Duration: Apr 27 2017Apr 29 2017

Other

Other17th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining, SDM 2017
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period4/27/174/29/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Wu, L., Li, J., Hu, X., & Liu, H. (2017). Gleaning wisdom from the past: Early detection of emerging rumors in social media. In Proceedings of the 17th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining, SDM 2017 (pp. 99-107). Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications.