GIS-Based Soil Erosion Modeling

H. Mitasova, C Michael Barton, I. Ullah, J. Hofierka, R. S. Harmon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

44 Scopus citations


This chapter explains the theory and methods for GIS-based modeling of soil erosion, sediment transport, and deposition by surface water flow. The mathematical foundations of erosion models are introduced and simplified equations, suitable for GIS implementation, are derived. The presented methods cover modeling of hillslope erosion and deposition, gully formation, and landscape evolution processes. Coupling of erosion models with GIS is discussed, followed by examples of GIS implementation of simple and advanced models. The concepts and methods are illustrated using two case studies, that focus on feedbacks between the human activity and landscape processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRemote Sensing and GIScience in Geomorphology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)9780080885223
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • Detachment
  • Digital elevation model
  • Gullies
  • Landscape evolution
  • Rills
  • Sediment deposition
  • Sediment transport
  • Soil erosion
  • Topographic erosion factor
  • Unit stream power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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