Geological mapping of the Ac-10 Rongo Quadrangle of Ceres

T. Platz, A. Nathues, H. G. Sizemore, D. A. Crown, M. Hoffmann, M. Schäfer, N. Schmedemann, T. Kneissl, A. Neesemann, S. C. Mest, D. L. Buczkowski, O. Ruesch, K. H.G. Hughson, A. Naß, David Williams, F. Preusker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Dawn spacecraft arrived at dwarf planet Ceres in spring 2015 and imaged its surface from four successively lower polar orbits at ground sampling dimensions between ∼1.3 km/px and ∼35 m/px. To understand the geological history of Ceres a mapping campaign was initiated to produce a set of 15 quadrangle-based geological maps using the highest-resolution Framing Camera imagery. Here we present the geological map of the Ac-10 Rongo Quadrangle, which is located at the equator encompassing the region from 22°N to 22°S and 288° to 360°E. The total relief within the quadrangle is 11.1 km with altitudes ranging from about −7.3 km to +3.8 km. We identified nine geological units based on surface morphology and surface textural characteristics. The dominant and most widespread unit is the cratered terrain (crt) representing ancient reworked crustal material. Its consistent formation age across the quadrangle is 1.8 Ga. Two edifices (unit th), Ahuna Mons and an unnamed tholus within Begbalel Crater, are interpreted to be of (cryo)volcanic origin. The southwest portion of the quadrangle is dominated by ejecta material (Ye) emplaced during the formation of the 260-km diameter Yalode impact basin at about 580 Ma. Rayed crater ejecta material (cr) is dominant in the eastern part of the quadrangle but also occurs in isolated patches up to a distance of 455 km from the 34 km diameter source crater Haulani. The remaining five geological units also represent impact crater materials: degraded rim (crdeg), bright crater (cb), hummocky floor (cfh), talus (ta), and crater (c) materials. Widespread Yalode and Haulani ejecta materials can potentially be utilised as stratigraphic markers. Therefore, it is essential to consistently map their full areal extent and to date their formations using impact crater statistics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-153
Number of pages14
JournalIcarus
Volume316
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Asteroid Ceres
  • Asteroid surfaces
  • Cratering
  • Image processing
  • Impact processes
  • Volcanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Platz, T., Nathues, A., Sizemore, H. G., Crown, D. A., Hoffmann, M., Schäfer, M., Schmedemann, N., Kneissl, T., Neesemann, A., Mest, S. C., Buczkowski, D. L., Ruesch, O., Hughson, K. H. G., Naß, A., Williams, D., & Preusker, F. (2018). Geological mapping of the Ac-10 Rongo Quadrangle of Ceres. Icarus, 316, 140-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2017.08.001