Genome reprogramming for synthetic biology

Kylie Standage-Beier, Xiao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The ability to go from a digitized DNA sequence to a predictable biological function is central to synthetic biology. Genome engineering tools facilitate rewriting and implementation of engineered DNA sequences. Recent development of new programmable tools to reengineer genomes has spurred myriad advances in synthetic biology. Tools such as clustered regularly interspace short palindromic repeats enable RNA-guided rational redesign of organisms and implementation of synthetic gene systems. New directed evolution methods generate organisms with radically restructured genomes. These restructured organisms have useful new phenotypes for biotechnology, such as bacteriophage resistance and increased genetic stability. Advanced DNA synthesis and assembly methods have also enabled the construction of fully synthetic organisms, such as J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI)-syn 3.0. Here we summarize the recent advances in programmable genome engineering tools.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

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Keywords

  • CRISPR
  • genome engineering
  • rational design
  • synthetic biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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