Parsley severe stunt-associated virus (PSSaV) is a recently identified nanovirus first reported in Germany. During a survey for identification of nanoviruses infecting apiaceous plants in south-eastern Iran, PSSaV was identified and characterized using a combination of rolling circle amplification (RCA) and high-throughput sequencing. Parsley plant samples were collected from vegetable production farms in Kerman province. From two symptomatic samples (39Ba and 40Ba), seven PSSaV components (DNA-C, -S, -M, -R, -N, -U1 and -U2) with two phylogenetically distinct variants of DNA-R (R1 and R2) were identified. In common with the German isolate of PSSaV, no DNA-U4 component was identified. In addition, associated alphasatellite molecules were identified in samples 39Ba [n = 6] and 40Ba [n = 5]. Sequence analyses showed that concatenated component sequences of the two Iranian PSSaVs share 97.2% nucleotide identity with each other and 82% to the German isolate. The coat proteins (CPs) of the PSSaV Iranian sequences share 97.2% amino acid identity and ~ 84% identity with that of the German isolate. Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of a total of 11 recovered alphasatellites from the two samples can be classified into the genera Fabenesatellite [n = 2], Milvetsatellite [n = 1], Mivedwarsatellite [n = 2], Subclovsatellite [n = 2], Sophoyesatellite [n = 4] in the family Alphasatellitidae. Identification of PSSaV and other nanoviruses in wild and cultivated plants in Iran reveals that nanoviruses could be causing yield reduction in crops plants in this country.
- Parsley severe stunt-associated virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology