Generating information-diverse microwave speckle patterns inside a room at a single frequency with a dynamic metasurface aperture

Oren S. Mizrahi, Mohammadreza F. Imani, Jonah N. Gollub, David R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate that dynamic metasurface apertures (DMAs) are capable of generating a multitude of highly uncorrelated speckle patterns in a typical residential environment at a single frequency. We use a DMA implemented as an electrically-large cavity excited by a single port and loaded with many individually-addressable tunable metamaterial radiators. We placed such a DMA in one corner of a plywood-walled L-shape room transmitting microwave signals at 19 GHz as we changed the tuning states of the metamaterial radiators. In another corner, in the non-line-of-sight of the DMA, we conducted a scan of the field generated by the DMA. For comparison, we also performed a similar test where the DMA was replaced by a simple dipole antenna with fixed pattern but generating a signal that spanned 19 - 24GHz. Using singular value decomposition of the scanned data, we demonstrate that the DMA can generate a multitude of highly uncorrelated speckle patterns at a single frequency. In contrast, a dipole antenna with a fixed pattern can only generate such a highly uncorrelated set of patterns when operating over a large bandwidth. The experimental results of this paper suggest that DMAs can be used to capture a diversity of information at a single frequency which can be used for single frequency computational imaging systems, NLOS motion detection, gesture recognition systems, and more.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9000626
Pages (from-to)36829-36835
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Antenna radiation patterns
  • antenna arrays
  • metamaterials
  • radio frequency
  • sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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