Gender diversity strategy in academic departments: exploring organizational determinants

Xuhong Su, Japera Johnson, Barry Bozeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Full inclusion of women into the academics remains a daunting challenge in the United States. The situation is particularly acute within science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields where the underrepresentation of women and their career disadvantages attract a great deal of attention. Based on a dataset combining a survey of department chairs and their performance indicators, we attempt to investigate organizational determinants of gender diversity strategies in the STEM fields. The findings suggest that academic departments’ commitment to a gender diversity strategy is related to their chairs’ administrative power and their assessment of current gender diversity status. Moreover, the commitment signals departments’ responses to social demands for more female faculty members. Nevertheless, women chairs prove less likely to pursue a gender diversity strategy, and more female faculty members hardly increase the likelihood of adopting such a strategy. The findings require care in interpretation because in cases where there are more women, the perceived need for adding women may be lessened. As such, gender diversity strategy may be compensatory in nature. The present study underscores the need for richer theories about recruitment of women STEM faculty and possibly, modifications in public policy for STEM human resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-858
Number of pages20
JournalHigher Education
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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determinants
gender
mathematics
engineering
science
commitment
human resources
public policy
inclusion
career
interpretation
Mathematics
performance

Keywords

  • Female department chairs
  • Gender diversity strategy
  • Power of department chairs
  • Representation of female faculty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Gender diversity strategy in academic departments : exploring organizational determinants. / Su, Xuhong; Johnson, Japera; Bozeman, Barry.

In: Higher Education, Vol. 69, No. 5, 01.05.2015, p. 839-858.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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