Gender differences among opioid abusers

Pathways to disorder and profiles of psychopathology

Suniya Luthar, Gretta Cushing, Bruce J. Rounsaville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focused on gender differences in childhood disorders and severity of adult psychosocial impairment among 106 females and 95 males seeking treatment for opiate addiction. Results indicated that as compared to males, female addicts reported significantly lower levels of conduct problems and higher levels of internalizing problems during childhood; these differences held even after controlling for comorbid adult psychiatric diagnosis. Findings also revealed that female addicts were at a disadvantage relative to males in terms of overall severity of psychiatric distress. Concomitantly, however, females showed less social deviance - on a range of illegal behaviors - as compared to men. Results were discussed in terms of implications for treatment planning: they underscore the need to consider gender differences in pathways to, and nature of, adult psychopathology among addicted individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-189
Number of pages11
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

psychopathology
Psychopathology
addiction
Opioid Analgesics
Opiate Alkaloids
gender-specific factors
childhood
deviant behavior
Opioid-Related Disorders
Planning
Mental Disorders
Psychiatry
planning
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Child psychopathology
  • Gender
  • Opioid dependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Gender differences among opioid abusers : Pathways to disorder and profiles of psychopathology. / Luthar, Suniya; Cushing, Gretta; Rounsaville, Bruce J.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 43, No. 3, 11.12.1996, p. 179-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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