Gender-Based relationship efficacy: Children's self-perceptions in intergroup contexts

Kristina M. Zosuls, Ryan D. Field, Carol Martin, Naomi C Z Andrews, Dawn E. England

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This research introduces a new construct, gender-based relationship efficacy, which refers to beliefs about one's ability to relate to own- and other-gender peers. Study 1 investigated 204 fourth graders (M age = 9.56) and confirmed that own-gender and other-gender relationship efficacy represent distinguishable aspects of preadolescents' social competency beliefs that are differentially related to outcomes with own- and other-gender peers, including outcome expectancies and friendships with own- and other-gender peers. Study 2 provided further evidence of the distinctiveness of relationship efficacy for own- and other-gender peers among 403 seventh (M age = 12.48) and 453 eighth (M age = 13.50) graders and found gender and age differences. Developmental changes and implications for research on intergroup relationships are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1663-1676
Number of pages14
JournalChild development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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