Gender and Sexual Identity-Based Predictors of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Affirmative Counseling Self-Efficacy

Frank R. Dillon, Roger L. Worthington, Angela M. Soth-McNett, Seth J. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


This exploratory study applies the tenets of social cognitive theory to investigate the influence of gender self-confidence and of sexual identity exploration and commitment on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) affirmative counselor self-efficacy. Data were gathered from a convenience sample of 178 mental health clinicians. Controlling for participants' age, professional experience, level of income, race and ethnicity, and sexual orientation, findings revealed that higher levels of LGB-affirmative counseling self-efficacy were positively associated with gender self-definition and with sexual identity commitment. Post hoc analyses conducted with the 5 subscales of the LGB-affirmative counseling self-efficacy measure indicated that findings varied across specific self-efficacy domains. Implications of these results for continuing education, training, and research promoting LGB-affirmative psychotherapy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-360
Number of pages8
JournalProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes



  • counseling
  • gender identity
  • self-efficacy
  • sexual identity
  • sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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