Gas diffusion layer using a new type of graphitized nano-carbon PUREBLACK® for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Arunachala Mada Kannan, Anupam Menghal, Igor V. Barsukov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

A gas diffusion layer (GDL) for proton exchange membrane fuel cell has been developed using a new form of partially ordered graphitized nano-carbon black (PUREBLACK® Carbon). This material represents a new class of nano-carbons jointly developed by Superior Graphite Co. and Columbian Chemicals Co. The GDL was characterized by physico-chemical as well as electrochemical methods. The unique process developed for GDL fabrication exhibits excellent fuel cell performance using hydrogen/air at ambient pressure. The microstructure as seen under scanning electron microscope shows excellent surface morphology without any cracks. The membrane electrode assembly (MEA) with PUREBLACK® Carbon based GDLs shows power density as high as 0.55 W/cm2 at 70 °C using hydrogen/air as reactants without any back pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)887-891
Number of pages5
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Electrochemical measurements
  • Gas diffusion layers
  • Membrane electrodes assembly
  • Partially graphitized carbon black
  • PEM fuel cells
  • PUREBLACK Carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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