Gas diffusion layer development using design of experiments for the optimization of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell performance

Brahim Laoun, Harshal A. Kasat, Riaz Ahmad, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) was optimized to maximize the performance of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) using design of experiments (DoE). The fabrication of the GDLs consisted of using a non-woven carbon paper substrate, coated with a mixture (slurry) of Pureblack Carbon (PB), Vapor Grown Carbon Fiber (VGCF) and the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), all dispersed in water containing Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS). The concentration of PB and the PTFE in the slurry was organized through the application of a 22 full factorial design of experiments, with the quantity of PB and the quantity of PTFE as the factors. For each GDLs a Membrane-Electrodes Assemblies (MEA) were fabricated using Catalyst Coated Nafion Membrane CCM, in a single cell PEMFC, then the polarization curve was evaluated using H2/Air as well as H2/O2 at various relative humidity (RH) conditions. In addition, each GDLs were characterized by pore size distribution and contact angle using SEM, Goniometer and Hg Porosimeter. It was found that the optimized GDLs exhibited a power density of 487 mW/cm2 (H2/Air, 70 °C, 70% RH,) and 995 mW/cm2 (H2/O2,70 °C, 100% RH) for the optimum composition of 73% PB and 34% PTFE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-695
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy
Volume151
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2018

Keywords

  • Design of experiments
  • Fuel cell performance
  • Gas diffusion layer
  • PUREBLACK
  • Poly-tetrafluoroethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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