Gangs, Gender, and Violent Victimization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gang scholars have recently turned their attention to a unique and underdeveloped line of inquiry: the victimization of gang members. However, the gang-victimization link remains unclear, especially in terms of how gang men and women are violently victimized in different—or similar—ways. Using a sample of 2,345 adult jail inmates incarcerated in Florida (ages 18–84), this study explores the role of gender in terms of (1) the forms of violent crimes gang members experience more than nongang members, (2) who victimizes gang members, and (3) if gang members’ risky lifestyles explain victimization risk. Findings reveal more similarities than differences among gang men (n = 300) and women (n = 53). Gang men and women are generally victimized by the same violent crimes, and while the offenders who target gang members vary, there are no significant gender differences. Female gang members were significantly more likely to be sexually assaulted by members of their own gang and nonmembers (compared to members of rival gangs). The gang-victimization link remains significant for both men and women even after accounting for demographic characteristics, gang membership, and risky lifestyles—including violent offending.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-70
Number of pages28
JournalVictims and Offenders
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017

Fingerprint

Crime Victims
victimization
gender
Crime
violent crime
Life Style
Demography
offender
gender-specific factors

Keywords

  • gang/subculture
  • victimization
  • victims

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Law

Cite this

Gangs, Gender, and Violent Victimization. / Talbot, Kathleen.

In: Victims and Offenders, Vol. 12, No. 1, 02.01.2017, p. 43-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ea954677b22c45a6bff1ee0c970570ef,
title = "Gangs, Gender, and Violent Victimization",
abstract = "Gang scholars have recently turned their attention to a unique and underdeveloped line of inquiry: the victimization of gang members. However, the gang-victimization link remains unclear, especially in terms of how gang men and women are violently victimized in different—or similar—ways. Using a sample of 2,345 adult jail inmates incarcerated in Florida (ages 18–84), this study explores the role of gender in terms of (1) the forms of violent crimes gang members experience more than nongang members, (2) who victimizes gang members, and (3) if gang members’ risky lifestyles explain victimization risk. Findings reveal more similarities than differences among gang men (n = 300) and women (n = 53). Gang men and women are generally victimized by the same violent crimes, and while the offenders who target gang members vary, there are no significant gender differences. Female gang members were significantly more likely to be sexually assaulted by members of their own gang and nonmembers (compared to members of rival gangs). The gang-victimization link remains significant for both men and women even after accounting for demographic characteristics, gang membership, and risky lifestyles—including violent offending.",
keywords = "gang/subculture, victimization, victims",
author = "Kathleen Talbot",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/15564886.2014.989557",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "43--70",
journal = "Victims and Offenders",
issn = "1556-4886",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gangs, Gender, and Violent Victimization

AU - Talbot, Kathleen

PY - 2017/1/2

Y1 - 2017/1/2

N2 - Gang scholars have recently turned their attention to a unique and underdeveloped line of inquiry: the victimization of gang members. However, the gang-victimization link remains unclear, especially in terms of how gang men and women are violently victimized in different—or similar—ways. Using a sample of 2,345 adult jail inmates incarcerated in Florida (ages 18–84), this study explores the role of gender in terms of (1) the forms of violent crimes gang members experience more than nongang members, (2) who victimizes gang members, and (3) if gang members’ risky lifestyles explain victimization risk. Findings reveal more similarities than differences among gang men (n = 300) and women (n = 53). Gang men and women are generally victimized by the same violent crimes, and while the offenders who target gang members vary, there are no significant gender differences. Female gang members were significantly more likely to be sexually assaulted by members of their own gang and nonmembers (compared to members of rival gangs). The gang-victimization link remains significant for both men and women even after accounting for demographic characteristics, gang membership, and risky lifestyles—including violent offending.

AB - Gang scholars have recently turned their attention to a unique and underdeveloped line of inquiry: the victimization of gang members. However, the gang-victimization link remains unclear, especially in terms of how gang men and women are violently victimized in different—or similar—ways. Using a sample of 2,345 adult jail inmates incarcerated in Florida (ages 18–84), this study explores the role of gender in terms of (1) the forms of violent crimes gang members experience more than nongang members, (2) who victimizes gang members, and (3) if gang members’ risky lifestyles explain victimization risk. Findings reveal more similarities than differences among gang men (n = 300) and women (n = 53). Gang men and women are generally victimized by the same violent crimes, and while the offenders who target gang members vary, there are no significant gender differences. Female gang members were significantly more likely to be sexually assaulted by members of their own gang and nonmembers (compared to members of rival gangs). The gang-victimization link remains significant for both men and women even after accounting for demographic characteristics, gang membership, and risky lifestyles—including violent offending.

KW - gang/subculture

KW - victimization

KW - victims

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032114815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85032114815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15564886.2014.989557

DO - 10.1080/15564886.2014.989557

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85032114815

VL - 12

SP - 43

EP - 70

JO - Victims and Offenders

JF - Victims and Offenders

SN - 1556-4886

IS - 1

ER -