The relationship between self-reported gang involvement and self-reported delinquency has been confirmed in a number of studies. However, there have been fewer studies of the relationship between self-reported gang involvement and officially recorded delinquency. This article examines variation in self-reported gang involvement, operationalized as three distinct categories--no involvement, gang involvement but not membership, and gang membership--and its relation to both self-reported and officially recorded delinquency for a population of middle school youths.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine