Fundamentals and Application of Biofilm Processes in Drinking-Water Treatment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

14 Scopus citations


Biofilm processes are used primarily to produce a biologically stable drinking water, which does not foster growth of microorganisms during its distribution. This article describes the characteristics of biofilms and biofilm processes. It emphasizes quantitative modeling of the phenomenon controlling the accumulation of biofilm and the removal of organic and inorganic materials comprising biological instability. The article describes a practical means, the normalized surface loading, for applying biofilm modeling to the design and analysis of biofilm processes. Special attention is given to the most common applications in drinking-water treatment: aerobic oxidation of low concentrations of biodegradable organic material, nitrification of ammonium nitrogen, and denitrification of nitrate nitrogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Environmental Chemistry
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameHandbook of Environmental Chemistry
ISSN (Print)1867979X


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Rittmann, B. (1995). Fundamentals and Application of Biofilm Processes in Drinking-Water Treatment. In Handbook of Environmental Chemistry (Vol. 5, pp. 61-87). (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry; Vol. 5). Springer Verlag.