BACKGROUND: Translating research findings into sustainable improvements in clinical and patient outcomes remains a substantial obstacle to improving the quality and safety of care. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded two initiatives to assess strategies for improvements--Translating Research into Practice (TRIP). The TRIP II initiative supported 13 quality improvement projects. SURVEYING THE TRIP II STUDIES: The principal investigators (PIs) of the 13 projects were surveyed regarding encountered barriers to implementation at 6 months and 18 months (when they were also asked about solutions). RESULTS: Seven of the 13 PIs responded to the survey at both times--6 and 18 months. For each project stage--Select a TRIP focus and develop intervention strategies (Stage 1), Conduct the intervention (Stage 2), and Measure the Impact (Stage 3)--barriers were described, and field-tested solutions were provided. For example, for Stage 2, if the target audience lacked buy-in and would not participate, solutions would be to get up-front buy-in from all staff, not just leaders; address root causes of problems; use opinion leaders and incentives; plan interventions ahead and provide make-up videos; and accept that targets vary in their readiness to change. DISCUSSION: The framework and examples provided should help overcome challenges in any work in which research findings are applied to clinical practice.
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