From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative

Wolfram Dressler, Bram Büscher, Michael Schoon, Dan Brockington, Tanya Hayes, Christian A. Kull, James McCarthy, Krishna Shrestha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

212 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has been on the ascendancy for several decades and plays a leading role in conservation strategies worldwide. Arriving out of a desire to rectify the human costs associated with coercive conservation, CBNRM sought to return the stewardship of biodiversity and natural resources to local communities through participation, empowerment and decentralization. Today, however, scholars and practitioners suggest that CBNRM is experiencing a crisis of identity and purpose, with even the most positive examples experiencing only fleeting success due to major deficiencies. Six case studies from around the world offer a history of how and why the global CBNRM narrative has unfolded over time and space. While CBNRM emerged with promise and hope, it often ended in less than ideal outcomes when institutionalized and reconfigured in design and practice. Nevertheless, despite the current crisis, there is scope for refocusing on the original ideals of CBNRM: ensuring social justice, material well-being and environmental integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-15
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Conservation
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Hope
Natural resources management
resource management
natural resource
history
Conservation
Identity Crisis
Biodiversity
Natural resources
social justice
Social Justice
empowerment
Politics
Natural Resources
decentralization
biodiversity
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • biodiversity conservation
  • CBNRM
  • neoliberalism
  • social justice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Dressler, W., Büscher, B., Schoon, M., Brockington, D., Hayes, T., Kull, C. A., ... Shrestha, K. (2010). From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative. Environmental Conservation, 37(1), 5-15. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892910000044

From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative. / Dressler, Wolfram; Büscher, Bram; Schoon, Michael; Brockington, Dan; Hayes, Tanya; Kull, Christian A.; McCarthy, James; Shrestha, Krishna.

In: Environmental Conservation, Vol. 37, No. 1, 03.2010, p. 5-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dressler, W, Büscher, B, Schoon, M, Brockington, D, Hayes, T, Kull, CA, McCarthy, J & Shrestha, K 2010, 'From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative', Environmental Conservation, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 5-15. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892910000044
Dressler, Wolfram ; Büscher, Bram ; Schoon, Michael ; Brockington, Dan ; Hayes, Tanya ; Kull, Christian A. ; McCarthy, James ; Shrestha, Krishna. / From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative. In: Environmental Conservation. 2010 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 5-15.
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