TY - JOUR

T1 - Friend influence and susceptibility to influence

T2 - Changes in mathematical reasoning as a function of relative peer acceptance and interest in mathematics

AU - DeLay, Dawn

AU - Laursen, Brett

AU - Kiuru, Noona

AU - Poikkeus, Anna Maija

AU - Aunola, Kaisa

AU - Nurmi, Jari Erik

N1 - Funding Information:
This study was funded by grants to from the Academy of Finland (7133146, 263891, and 252304). Brett Laursen received support from the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD068421) and the U.S. National Science Foundation (0909733).

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - This study investigated friend influence over mathematics achievement in 202 same-sex friendship dyads (106 girl dyads). Participants were in the third grade (around age 9) at the outset. Each friend completed a questionnaire describing interest in mathematics and a standardized mathematical reasoning assessment. Peer nominations provided a measure of peer acceptance. The results revealed evidence that interest in mathematics moderates both the degree to which the higher-accepted friend was influential and the degree to which the lower-accepted friend was susceptible to influence. Specifically, the third-grade mathematical reasoning of the higher-accepted friend predicted an increase in the mathematical reasoning of the lower-accepted friend from third grade to fourth grade only when one friend was above average on interest in mathematics. These effects held after controlling for maternal support, parental education, friendship duration, friendship group norms, friend similarity on peer acceptance, friend similarity on interest in mathematics, and general academic functioning.

AB - This study investigated friend influence over mathematics achievement in 202 same-sex friendship dyads (106 girl dyads). Participants were in the third grade (around age 9) at the outset. Each friend completed a questionnaire describing interest in mathematics and a standardized mathematical reasoning assessment. Peer nominations provided a measure of peer acceptance. The results revealed evidence that interest in mathematics moderates both the degree to which the higher-accepted friend was influential and the degree to which the lower-accepted friend was susceptible to influence. Specifically, the third-grade mathematical reasoning of the higher-accepted friend predicted an increase in the mathematical reasoning of the lower-accepted friend from third grade to fourth grade only when one friend was above average on interest in mathematics. These effects held after controlling for maternal support, parental education, friendship duration, friendship group norms, friend similarity on peer acceptance, friend similarity on interest in mathematics, and general academic functioning.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018278092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018278092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.13110/merrpalmquar1982.62.3.0306

DO - 10.13110/merrpalmquar1982.62.3.0306

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85018278092

VL - 62

SP - 306

EP - 333

JO - Merrill-Palmer Quarterly

JF - Merrill-Palmer Quarterly

SN - 0272-930X

IS - 3

ER -