Free-carrier plasma and optical amplification in undoped and modulation-doped Ga0.47In0.53As/Al0.48In 0.52As multiple-quantum-well structures

C. Moro, M. Ferrara, R. Cingolani, Y. H. Zhang, K. Ploog

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We report the results of a systematic investigation of radiative recombination processes of the free-carrier plasma confined in Ga 0.47In0.53As/Al0.48In0.52As multiple-quantum-well structures on InP substrate, either undoped or modulation doped. Photoluminescence under low- and high-excitation intensity, luminescence excitation, and optical gain measurements have been used to study the electronic transitions and the optical amplification in the temperature range 10-300 K. Space-resolved luminescence has also been adopted to distinguish between the spontaneous and the stimulated spectral contributions to the observed luminescence collected along different directions with respect to the [001] growth axis of the heterostructures. Optical gain up to 300 K has been observed in the undoped samples under photoexcitation quasiresonant with the confined states in the quantum wells. The theoretical analysis of the optical gain spectra furnishes quantitative data on the electron-hole plasma ground level. In the n-type modulation-doped samples the application of intense optical pumping allows us to observe the transition from the one-component electron plasma to a two-component electron-hole plasma through the rising of a sharp stimulated emission in the optical spectra. Also in this case we observe optical gain up to room temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3821-3828
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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