Formation of well-ordered heterojunctions in polymer:PCBM photovoltaic devices

Ximin He, Feng Gao, Guoli Tu, David G. Hasko, Sven Hüttner, Neil C. Greenham, Ullrich Steiner, Richard H. Friend, Wilhelm T.S. Huck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nanoscale morphology in polymer:PCBM based photovoltaic devices is a major contributor to overall device performance. The disordered nature of the phase-separated structure, in combination with the small length scales involved and the inherent difficulty of reproducing the exact morphologies when spin-coating and annealing thin blend films, have greatly hampered the development of a detailed understanding of how morphology impacts photovoltaic device functioning. In this paper we demonstrate a double nanoimprinting process that allows the formation of nanostructured polymer:PCBM heterojunctions of composition and morphology that can be selected independently. We fabricated photovoltaic (PV) devices with extremely high densities (1014 mm -2) of interpenetrating nanoscale columnar features (as small as 25 nm; at or below the exciton diffusion length) in the active layer. By comparing device results of different feature sizes and two different polymer:PCBM combinations, we demonstrate how double imprinting can be a powerful tool to systematically study different parameters in polymer photovoltaic devices. Double nanoimprinting of organic layers allows the formation nanostructured polymer:PCBM heterojunctions with interpenetrating nanoscale columnar features as small as 25 nm. A systematic variation of the feature sizes provides a direct probe into the influence of morphology on photovoltaic device performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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