Formation of hydrous stishovite from coesite in high-pressure hydrothermal environments

Kristina Spektor, Johanna Nylen, Renny Mathew, Mattias Edén, Emil Stoyanov, Alexandra Navrotsky, Kurt Leinenweber, Ulrich Häussermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In low-Temperature, high-pressure hydrothermal environments coesite transforms into hydrous forms of stishovite. We studied hydrous stishovite produced from hydrothermal treatment of silica glass as initial SiO2 source at temperatures of 350-550 °C and pressures around 10 GPa. The P-T quenched samples were analyzed by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal analysis, and IR and magic-Angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy. The presence of significant amounts of H2O (ranging from 0.5 to 3 wt%) is shown from thermogravimetric measurements. PXRD reveals that at temperatures below 400 °C, hydrous stishovite is obtained as two distinct phases that may relate to the solid ice-VII environment present at prevailing P-T conditions. Initially formed hydrous stishovite is metastable and dehydrates over time in the low-Temperature, high-pressure hydrothermal environment. The primary mechanism of H incorporation in stishovite is a direct substitution of 4H+ for Si4+ yielding unique octahedral hydrogarnet defects. In IR spectra this defect manifests itself by two broad but distinct bands at 2650 and 2900 cm-1, indicating strong hydrogen bonding. These bands are shifted in the deuteride to 2029 and 2163 cm-1, respectively. Protons of the octahedral hydrogarnet defect produce

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2514-2524
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume101
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

coesite
stishovite
defect
X ray powder diffraction
Defects
defects
ice environments
Temperature
Magic angle spinning
X-ray diffraction
Ice
deuterides
Fused silica
Thermoanalysis
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Protons
P-T conditions
silica glass
Hydrogen bonds
Substitution reactions

Keywords

  • Coesite-stishovite transition
  • high-pressure hydro-Thermal environments
  • hydrous minerals
  • octahedral defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Spektor, K., Nylen, J., Mathew, R., Edén, M., Stoyanov, E., Navrotsky, A., ... Häussermann, U. (2016). Formation of hydrous stishovite from coesite in high-pressure hydrothermal environments. American Mineralogist, 101(11), 2514-2524. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5609

Formation of hydrous stishovite from coesite in high-pressure hydrothermal environments. / Spektor, Kristina; Nylen, Johanna; Mathew, Renny; Edén, Mattias; Stoyanov, Emil; Navrotsky, Alexandra; Leinenweber, Kurt; Häussermann, Ulrich.

In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 101, No. 11, 01.11.2016, p. 2514-2524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spektor, K, Nylen, J, Mathew, R, Edén, M, Stoyanov, E, Navrotsky, A, Leinenweber, K & Häussermann, U 2016, 'Formation of hydrous stishovite from coesite in high-pressure hydrothermal environments', American Mineralogist, vol. 101, no. 11, pp. 2514-2524. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5609
Spektor K, Nylen J, Mathew R, Edén M, Stoyanov E, Navrotsky A et al. Formation of hydrous stishovite from coesite in high-pressure hydrothermal environments. American Mineralogist. 2016 Nov 1;101(11):2514-2524. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5609
Spektor, Kristina ; Nylen, Johanna ; Mathew, Renny ; Edén, Mattias ; Stoyanov, Emil ; Navrotsky, Alexandra ; Leinenweber, Kurt ; Häussermann, Ulrich. / Formation of hydrous stishovite from coesite in high-pressure hydrothermal environments. In: American Mineralogist. 2016 ; Vol. 101, No. 11. pp. 2514-2524.
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