Forgotten history: Mexican American school segregation in Arizona from 1900-1951

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article documents the efforts by Mexican Americans to challenge school segregation in Arizona in the first half of the twentieth century. As in Texas and California, although state law never formally mandated the segregation of Mexican American students, school districts in Arizona often established separate "Mexican Schools" for Mexican American students. While districts argued that segregation was necessary because of students' poor English skills, the segregation of Mexican American students in Arizona's public schools was not an isolated practice but occurred in tandem with other discriminatory practices that restricted the social rights of Mexican Americans, many of whom were American citizens. However, Mexican Americans challenged segregation in the courts. Notably, in Gonzales v. Sheely, a case heard in the United States District Court of Arizona in 1950, Judge Dave Ling declared segregation unconstitutional over three years before the Supreme Court's historic decision in Brown v. Board (1954).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-481
Number of pages15
JournalEquity and Excellence in Education
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Forgotten history: Mexican American school segregation in Arizona from 1900-1951'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this