Forestry development, water scarcity, and the mapuche protest for environmental justice in chile

Robinson Torres-Salinas, Gerardo Azócar García, Noelia Carrasco Henríquez, Mauricio Zambrano-Bigiarini, Tatiana Costa, Robert Bolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

From a theoretical approach based on political ecology and environmental justice, we assess how forestry development has generated socio-spatial dynamics of environmental degradation and water scarcity in southern Chile. Through historical-geographical and ethnographic methods, we discuss how and why the spread of forestry plantations has significantly influenced social and environmental degradation of the Mapuche's modes of living. In response, during recent decades a political articulation of a Mapuche social movement is observed. Their demands include land, autonomy, rights and opportunities to frame their own development strategies. Within the internal diversity of this movement, a key principle is reversing the spread of environmental degradation by recovering the native forest and its natural water cycles, which have been disrupted significantly by the increasing of forestry plantations. We explore these dynamics of the Mapuche movement from an environmental justice approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-144
Number of pages24
JournalAmbiente e Sociedade
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Forestry monoculture
  • Mapuche
  • Natural commons
  • Water justice
  • Water scarcity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Torres-Salinas, R., García, G. A., Henríquez, N. C., Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., Costa, T., & Bolin, R. (2016). Forestry development, water scarcity, and the mapuche protest for environmental justice in chile. Ambiente e Sociedade, 19(1), 121-144. https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-4422ASOC150134R1V1912016