Dyskinesias are a common consequence of dopaminergic therapy in patients with Parkinson's disease. Little is known about the influence of cellular replacement strategies upon drug-induced dyskinesias. In the current study, we employed parkinsonian rats to test whether the distribution of dopamine neuron grafts could differentially alter striatal circuitry and levodopa-induced dyskinesias. Specifically, we compared behavioral and neurochemical consequences of dopamine reinnervation restricted to a focal region of the striatum to innervation encompassing the majority of the striatum by distributing the same number of cells into single locus or multiple locations. Both the single-site and widespread grafts reduced pregraft dyskinesias and normalized FosB/ΔFosB in the dorsal two-thirds of the lateral striatum. However, single-site DA graft recipients developed a robust, novel forelimb-facial stereotypy and upregulated FosB/ΔFosB expression in the ventrolateral striatum, an area associated with movements of tongue and forelimbs. The onset of forelimb-facial stereotypy correlated with measures of increased graft function.
- Dopamine neuron grafting
- FosB/ΔFosB transcription factors
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