Flexible Metamaterial Wrap for Improved Head Imaging at 3 T MRI With Low-Cost and Easy Fabrication Method

Samantha L. Sokol, Zachary A. Colwell, Sri Kirthi Kandala, Mohammadreza F. Imani, Sung Min Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnetic resonance imaging requires spatial uniformity of the radiofrequency (RF) field inside the subject for maximum signal-to-noise ratio and image contrast. Bulky high permittivity dielectric pads (HPDPs) focus magnetic fields into the region of interest (ROI) and increase RF field uniformity when placed between the patient and RF coils in the MR scanner. Metamaterials could replace HPDPs and reduce system bulkiness, but those in the literature often require a complicated fabrication process and cannot conform to patient body shape. Proposed is a flexible metamaterial for brain imaging made with a scalable fabrication process using conductive paint and a plastic laminate substrate. The effects of single and double-sided placement of the metamaterial around a human head phantom were investigated in a 3 T scanner. When two metamaterial sheets were wrapped around a head phantom (double-sided placement), the total average signal in the resulting image increased by 10.14% compared to placing a single metamaterial sheet underneath the phantom (single-sided placement). The difference between the maximum and minimum signal intensity values decreased by 57% in six different ROIs with double-sided placement compared to single-sided placement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2075-2079
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022


  • High permittivity dielectric pads
  • magnetic reso- nance imaging (MRI)
  • metamaterial
  • metasurface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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