Flexible electrode belt for EIT using nanofiber web dry electrodes

Tong In Oh, Tae Eui Kim, Sun Yoon, Kap Jin Kim, Eung Je Woo, Rosalind J. Sadleir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Efficient connection of multiple electrodes to the body for impedance measurement and voltage monitoring applications is of critical importance to measurement quality and practicality. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) experiments have generally required a cumbersome procedure to attach the multiple electrodes needed in EIT. Once placed, these electrodes must then maintain good contact with the skin during measurements that may last several hours. There is usually also the need to manage the wires that run between the electrodes and the EIT system. These problems become more severe as the number of electrodes increases, and may limit the practicality and portability of this imaging method. There have been several trials describing human-electrode interfaces using configurations such as electrode belts, helmets or rings. In this paper, we describe an electrode belt we developed for long-term EIT monitoring of human lung ventilation. The belt included 16 embossed electrodes that were designed to make good contact with the skin. The electrodes were fabricated using an Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web and metallic threads. A large contact area and padding were used behind each electrode to improve subject comfort and reduce contact impedances. The electrodes were incorporated, equally spaced, into an elasticated fabric belt. We tested the electrode belt in conjunction with the KHU Mark1 multi-frequency EIT system, and demonstrate time-difference images of phantoms and human subjects during normal breathing and running. We found that the Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web electrodes were suitable for long-term measurement because of their flexibility and durability. Moreover, the contact impedance and stability of the Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web electrodes were found to be comparable to similarly tested Ag/AgCl electrodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1603-1616
Number of pages14
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • electrical impedance tomography
  • electrode belt
  • electrode materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Flexible electrode belt for EIT using nanofiber web dry electrodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this