Finite land resources and competition

Helmut Haberl, Cheikh Mbow, Xiangzheng Deng, Elena G. Irwin, Suzi Kerr, Tobias Kuemmerle, Ole Mertz, Patrick Meyfroidt, Billie Turner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rising demand for land-based products (food, feed, fiber, and bioenergy) as well as conservation of forests and carbon sinks create increasing competition for land. Land-use competition has many drivers, takes different forms, and can have many significant implications for ecosystems as well as societal well-being. This chapter discusses several emerging issues, including the effect of increased demand for n onprovisioning ecosystem services (b iodiversity conservation and c arbon sequestration), u rbanization, b ioenergy, and t eleconnections. Three major types of land-use competition are discerned: production versus production (e.g., food vs. fuel), production versus conservation (e.g., food production vs. conservation), and built-up environment versus production or conservation (e.g., food vs. urban). Sustainability impacts that result from land-use competition are analyzed and found to differ strongly between the different types of land-use competition. They are associated with important trade-offs and high uncertainty. Institutional aspects related to land-use competition are discussed using a conceptual model that distinguishes types of institutions (government, private, community) as well as their functions (objectives, distribution/e quity, effectiveness/efficiency). Analysis of long-term trajectories suggests that land-use competition is likely to intensify in the medium-to long-term future, mainly in the face of expected scarcities in resource supply (e.g., in terms of limited resources such as fossil fuels), mitigation and adaptation policies related to c limate change, as well as climate change impacts and demographic pressures. The chapter concludes with a discussion of major research gaps, and it outlines priority research topics, including the improved analysis of interdependencies of land and energy systems, " land architecture" (i.e., the significance of spatial configurations), and multiscale models to assess local-global connections and impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era
PublisherMIT Press
Pages35-69
Number of pages35
ISBN (Print)9780262322126, 9780262026901
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

land use
conservation
resource
resources
food
food production
bioenergy
carbon sink
ecosystem service
demand
fossil fuel
land
mitigation
trajectory
sustainability
climate change
well-being
driver
uncertainty
supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Haberl, H., Mbow, C., Deng, X., Irwin, E. G., Kerr, S., Kuemmerle, T., ... Turner, B. (2014). Finite land resources and competition. In Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era (pp. 35-69). MIT Press.

Finite land resources and competition. / Haberl, Helmut; Mbow, Cheikh; Deng, Xiangzheng; Irwin, Elena G.; Kerr, Suzi; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Mertz, Ole; Meyfroidt, Patrick; Turner, Billie.

Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era. MIT Press, 2014. p. 35-69.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Haberl, H, Mbow, C, Deng, X, Irwin, EG, Kerr, S, Kuemmerle, T, Mertz, O, Meyfroidt, P & Turner, B 2014, Finite land resources and competition. in Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era. MIT Press, pp. 35-69.
Haberl H, Mbow C, Deng X, Irwin EG, Kerr S, Kuemmerle T et al. Finite land resources and competition. In Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era. MIT Press. 2014. p. 35-69
Haberl, Helmut ; Mbow, Cheikh ; Deng, Xiangzheng ; Irwin, Elena G. ; Kerr, Suzi ; Kuemmerle, Tobias ; Mertz, Ole ; Meyfroidt, Patrick ; Turner, Billie. / Finite land resources and competition. Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era. MIT Press, 2014. pp. 35-69
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