Fine pore engineering in a series of isoreticular metal-organic frameworks for efficient C2H2/CO2 separation

Jun Wang, Yan Zhang, Yun Su, Xing Liu, Peixin Zhang, Rui Biao Lin, Shixia Chen, Qiang Deng, Zheling Zeng, Shuguang Deng, Banglin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The separation of C2H2/CO2 is not only industrially important for acetylene purification but also scientifically challenging owing to their high similarities in physical properties and molecular sizes. Ultramicroporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can exhibit a pore confinement effect to differentiate gas molecules of similar size. Herein, we report the fine-tuning of pore sizes in sub-nanometer scale on a series of isoreticular MOFs that can realize highly efficient C2H2/CO2 separation. The subtle structural differences lead to remarkable adsorption performances enhancement. Among four MOF analogs, by integrating appropriate pore size and specific binding sites, [Cu(dps)2(SiF6)] (SIFSIX-dps-Cu, SIFSIX = SiF62-, dps = 4.4’-dipyridylsulfide, also termed as NCU-100) exhibits the highest C2H2 uptake capacity and C2H2/CO2 selectivity. At room temperature, the pore space of SIFSIX-dps-Cu significantly inhibits CO2 molecules but takes up a large amount of C2H2 (4.57 mmol g−1), resulting in a high IAST selectivity of 1787 for C2H2/CO2 separation. The multiple host-guest interactions for C2H2 in both inter- and intralayer cavities are further revealed by dispersion-corrected density functional theory and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. Dynamic breakthrough experiments show a clean C2H2/CO2 separation with a high C2H2 working capacity of 2.48 mmol g−1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number200
JournalNature communications
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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