The fibrous form of matter is very common in nature. This is because matter in fibrous form is highly flexible and, thus, can be used to make complex and multifunctional parts (Chawla 1998a). Modern usage of synthetic fibers as reinforcement for polymers, metals, and ceramics to make composite materials can be traced to the use of glass fibers for reinforcement of polyester and epoxy thermoset matrix materials in the first half of the 20th century. High stiffness and HS fibers (organic and inorganic) came about in the second half of the 20th century, more appropriately in the last quarter of the 20th century. This can be attributed to advances in synthesis and processing as well as to an understanding of the importance of the processing-structure-property triad. This triad implies that the processing of a material into a fibrous form determines its microstructure, which determines the ultimate properties of the fiber.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Comprehensive Composite Materials II|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2017|
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