Feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based physical activity intervention for working mothers

Emily L. Mailey, Jennifer Huberty, Brandon C. Irwin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based intervention to promote physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Methods: Participants (N = 69) were randomly assigned to receive a standard web-based intervention or an enhanced intervention that included group dynamics strategies to promote engagement. The 8-week intervention was guided by self-determination theory. Each week, participants were instructed to complete 3 tasks: listen to a podcast related to well-being, complete a workbook assignment, and communicate with other participants on a discussion board. Participants in the enhanced condition received an additional weekly task to enhance group cohesion. Data were collected at baseline, week 8, and week 16. Results: Physical activity (P < .001, η2 = 0.35) and self-worth (P < .001, η2 = 0.39) increased significantly in both groups following the intervention, and introjected (P < .001, η2 = 0.30) and external motivation (P = .04, η2 = 0.10) decreased. Website use declined across the 8-week intervention in both groups (P < .001, η2 = 0.48); however, discussion board use was higher in the enhanced condition (P = .04, η2 = 0.21). Conclusions: These findings suggest web-based interventions can improve physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Group dynamics strategies only minimally enhanced user engagement, and future studies are needed to optimize web-based intervention designs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)822-829
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
    Volume13
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2016

    Fingerprint

    Mothers
    Exercise
    Webcasts
    Personal Autonomy
    Motivation

    Keywords

    • Group dynamics
    • Internet
    • Self-determination theory
    • Self-worth

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

    Cite this

    Feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based physical activity intervention for working mothers. / Mailey, Emily L.; Huberty, Jennifer; Irwin, Brandon C.

    In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 13, No. 8, 2016, p. 822-829.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{8541be3c01fe4d46a96053bdd57d121a,
    title = "Feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based physical activity intervention for working mothers",
    abstract = "Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based intervention to promote physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Methods: Participants (N = 69) were randomly assigned to receive a standard web-based intervention or an enhanced intervention that included group dynamics strategies to promote engagement. The 8-week intervention was guided by self-determination theory. Each week, participants were instructed to complete 3 tasks: listen to a podcast related to well-being, complete a workbook assignment, and communicate with other participants on a discussion board. Participants in the enhanced condition received an additional weekly task to enhance group cohesion. Data were collected at baseline, week 8, and week 16. Results: Physical activity (P < .001, η2 = 0.35) and self-worth (P < .001, η2 = 0.39) increased significantly in both groups following the intervention, and introjected (P < .001, η2 = 0.30) and external motivation (P = .04, η2 = 0.10) decreased. Website use declined across the 8-week intervention in both groups (P < .001, η2 = 0.48); however, discussion board use was higher in the enhanced condition (P = .04, η2 = 0.21). Conclusions: These findings suggest web-based interventions can improve physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Group dynamics strategies only minimally enhanced user engagement, and future studies are needed to optimize web-based intervention designs.",
    keywords = "Group dynamics, Internet, Self-determination theory, Self-worth",
    author = "Mailey, {Emily L.} and Jennifer Huberty and Irwin, {Brandon C.}",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1123/jpah.2015-0643",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "13",
    pages = "822--829",
    journal = "Journal of Physical Activity and Health",
    issn = "1543-3080",
    publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
    number = "8",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based physical activity intervention for working mothers

    AU - Mailey, Emily L.

    AU - Huberty, Jennifer

    AU - Irwin, Brandon C.

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based intervention to promote physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Methods: Participants (N = 69) were randomly assigned to receive a standard web-based intervention or an enhanced intervention that included group dynamics strategies to promote engagement. The 8-week intervention was guided by self-determination theory. Each week, participants were instructed to complete 3 tasks: listen to a podcast related to well-being, complete a workbook assignment, and communicate with other participants on a discussion board. Participants in the enhanced condition received an additional weekly task to enhance group cohesion. Data were collected at baseline, week 8, and week 16. Results: Physical activity (P < .001, η2 = 0.35) and self-worth (P < .001, η2 = 0.39) increased significantly in both groups following the intervention, and introjected (P < .001, η2 = 0.30) and external motivation (P = .04, η2 = 0.10) decreased. Website use declined across the 8-week intervention in both groups (P < .001, η2 = 0.48); however, discussion board use was higher in the enhanced condition (P = .04, η2 = 0.21). Conclusions: These findings suggest web-based interventions can improve physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Group dynamics strategies only minimally enhanced user engagement, and future studies are needed to optimize web-based intervention designs.

    AB - Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based intervention to promote physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Methods: Participants (N = 69) were randomly assigned to receive a standard web-based intervention or an enhanced intervention that included group dynamics strategies to promote engagement. The 8-week intervention was guided by self-determination theory. Each week, participants were instructed to complete 3 tasks: listen to a podcast related to well-being, complete a workbook assignment, and communicate with other participants on a discussion board. Participants in the enhanced condition received an additional weekly task to enhance group cohesion. Data were collected at baseline, week 8, and week 16. Results: Physical activity (P < .001, η2 = 0.35) and self-worth (P < .001, η2 = 0.39) increased significantly in both groups following the intervention, and introjected (P < .001, η2 = 0.30) and external motivation (P = .04, η2 = 0.10) decreased. Website use declined across the 8-week intervention in both groups (P < .001, η2 = 0.48); however, discussion board use was higher in the enhanced condition (P = .04, η2 = 0.21). Conclusions: These findings suggest web-based interventions can improve physical activity and self-worth among working mothers. Group dynamics strategies only minimally enhanced user engagement, and future studies are needed to optimize web-based intervention designs.

    KW - Group dynamics

    KW - Internet

    KW - Self-determination theory

    KW - Self-worth

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988869798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84988869798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1123/jpah.2015-0643

    DO - 10.1123/jpah.2015-0643

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 26999823

    AN - SCOPUS:84988869798

    VL - 13

    SP - 822

    EP - 829

    JO - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

    JF - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

    SN - 1543-3080

    IS - 8

    ER -