The current study examines the impact of perceived risk and fear of sexual assault on male and female offenders' fear of (a) property crime, (b) violent crime, and (c) gang crime. Results indicate that perceived risk of victimization and fear of sexual assault are significantly associated with fear of property, violent, and gang crime among the full sample and among both men and women. Confirming results of prior research, perceived risk of victimization is a stronger predictor of property, violent, and gang fear among men. Fear of sexual assault emerged as a stronger predictor of fear of property, violent, and gang crime among women, confirming Ferraro's shadow of sexual assault thesis.
- fear of crime
- gang membership
- shadow thesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine