Fear of Crime among Gang and Non-Gang Offenders: Comparing the Effects of Perpetration, Victimization, and Neighborhood Factors

Jodi Lane, Kathleen A. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This is the first study to examine adult offenders' fear of property, personal, and gang crime. We examine five research questions among 2,414 jail inmates, focusing on how afraid offenders are of crime. We compare current, ex-gang, and non-gang members. We ask if more experience with crime perpetration and victimization and more perceptions of social disorganization increase offenders' fear of crime. Finally, we ask if the importance of these factors in predicting fear varies by gang status. Results show that offenders, generally, were not very afraid of crime. Although ex-gang and current gang members believed they were more likely to experience property, personal, and gang crime, they reported less fear than non-gang members. Crime perpetration did not influence offenders' fear, but less experience with personal crime victimization predicted fear of personal and gang crime among non-gang members. The results also indicate that perceptions of social disorganization better explain fear among non-gang members than ex-gang and current gang members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-523
Number of pages33
JournalJustice Quarterly
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • crime
  • fear of crime
  • gang members
  • perceived risk
  • social disorganization
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

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