Abstract

The Sylvester equation offers a powerful and unifying primitive for a variety of important graph mining tasks, including network alignment, graph kernel, node similarity, subgraph matching, etc. A major bottleneck of Sylvester equation lies in its high computational complexity. Despite tremendous effort, state-of-the-art methods still require a complexity that is at least quadratic in the number of nodes of graphs, even with approximations. In this paper, we propose a family of Krylov subspace based algorithms (FASTEN) to speed up and scale up the computation of Sylvester equation for graph mining. The key idea of the proposed methods is to project the original equivalent linear system onto a Kronecker Krylov subspace. We further exploit (1) the implicit representation of the solution matrix as well as the associated computation, and (2) the decomposition of the original Sylvester equation into a set of inter-correlated Sylvester equations of smaller size. The proposed algorithms bear two distinctive features. First, they provide the exact solutions without any approximation error. Second, they significantly reduce the time and space complexity for solving Sylvester equation, with two of the proposed algorithms having a linear complexity in both time and space. Experimental evaluations on a diverse set of real networks, demonstrate that our methods (1) are up to 10, 000× faster against Conjugate Gradient method, the best known competitor that outputs the exact solution, and (2) scale up to million-node graphs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKDD 2018 - Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1339-1347
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781450355520
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2018
Event24th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2018 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Aug 19 2018Aug 23 2018

Other

Other24th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2018
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period8/19/188/23/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems

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  • Cite this

    Du, B., & Tong, H. (2018). FASTEN: Fast sylvester equation solver for graph mining. In KDD 2018 - Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (pp. 1339-1347). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/3219819.3220002