Fast trap jaws and giant neurons in the ant Odontomachus

Wulfila Gronenberg, Jürgen Tautz, Bert Hölldobler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ants of the ponerine genus Odontomachus use a trap jaw mechanism when hunting fast prey. When particular trigger hairs, located on the inner edge of the mandibles, are touched by prey, the jaws close extremely rapidly and trap the target. This trap jaw response lasts only 0.33 to 1 millisecond. Electrophysiological recordings demonstrated that the trigger hairs function as mechanoreceptors. Associated with each trigger hair are large sensory cells, the sensory axons of which measure 15 to 20 micrometers in diameter. These are among the largest sensory neurons, and their size implies that these axons conduct information very rapidly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-563
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume262
Issue number5133
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fast trap jaws and giant neurons in the ant Odontomachus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gronenberg, W., Tautz, J., & Hölldobler, B. (1993). Fast trap jaws and giant neurons in the ant Odontomachus. Science, 262(5133), 561-563.