Fast crystal growth from organic glasses

Comparison of o-terphenyl with its structural analogs

C. Travis Powell, Keewook Paeng, Zhen Chen, Ranko Richert, Lian Yu, M. D. Ediger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crystal growth kinetics and liquid dynamics of 1,2-diphenylcyclopentene (DPCP) and 1,2-diphenylcyclohexene (DPCH) were characterized by optical microscopy and dielectric spectroscopy. These two molecules are structurally homologous and dynamically similar to the well-studied glassformer ortho-terphenyl (OTP). In the supercooled liquid states of DPCP and DPCH, the kinetic component of crystal growth ukin has a power law relationship with the primary structural relaxation time τα, u kin ∝ τα (ξ ≈ 0.7), similar to OTP and other fragile liquids. Near the glass transition temperature (Tg), both DPCP and DPCH develop much faster crystal growth via the so-called GC (glass to crystal) mode, again similar to the behavior of OTP. We find that the α-relaxation process apparently controls the onset of GC growth, with GC growth possible only at sufficiently low fluidity. These results support the view that GC crystal growth can only occur in systems where the liquid and crystal exhibit similar local packing arrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8203-8209
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume118
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 2014

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terphenyls
Crystallization
Crystal growth
Glass
crystal growth
analogs
glass
Liquids
liquids
Crystals
crystals
Dielectric Spectroscopy
Liquid Crystals
Dielectric spectroscopy
Structural relaxation
Fluidity
Transition Temperature
Growth kinetics
kinetics
Relaxation processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Fast crystal growth from organic glasses : Comparison of o-terphenyl with its structural analogs. / Powell, C. Travis; Paeng, Keewook; Chen, Zhen; Richert, Ranko; Yu, Lian; Ediger, M. D.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 118, No. 28, 17.07.2014, p. 8203-8209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Powell, C. Travis ; Paeng, Keewook ; Chen, Zhen ; Richert, Ranko ; Yu, Lian ; Ediger, M. D. / Fast crystal growth from organic glasses : Comparison of o-terphenyl with its structural analogs. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2014 ; Vol. 118, No. 28. pp. 8203-8209.
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