Farm-related injury mortality in New Mexico, 1980-91

Cameron S. Crandall, Lynne Fullerton, Lenora Olson, David P. Sklar, Ross Zumwalt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


To compare the epidemiology of farm with non-farm occupational injury deaths, we reviewed state medical examiner data for all occupational injury deaths in New Mexico from 1980 to 1991. We identified 53 farm-related injury deaths for a rate of 21.3 per 100,000 worker-years. Farm workers were four times more likely than non-farm workers to die from occupational injury. American Indians had the highest farm injury death rate. Farm decedents were older than non-farm decedents (t498 = 6.29, p < 0.0001). Half of the farm decedents were 50 years of age or older; one-third were 60 years of age or older. Crush injuries accounted for half of all farm injury deaths including 18 of 23 motor vehicle deaths, half of these involving a tractor roll-over. One in six farm injury deaths were from electrocution; one in five involved alcohol. Our study indicates that New Mexico has high farm-related injury mortality related to tractor use, alcohol intoxication, farm animals, and exposure to electricity. American Indians and older males are especially susceptible to these factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-261
Number of pages5
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Alcohol
  • Farm
  • Fatality
  • Injury
  • Minorities
  • Occupation
  • Rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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