False cause

Ignoring common cause

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In general, the false cause fallacy occurs when the “link between premises and conclusion depends on some imagined causal connection that probably does not exist”. There are three different ways an argument can commit the false cause fallacy: post hoc ergo propter hoc; cum hoc ergo propter hoc; and ignoring common cause. This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy, ‘ignoring common cause’. The commercial exploited the false cause fallacy to get consumers to buy its product. This fallacy is also present in many of the arguments concerning the alleged connection between vaccines and autism despite the plethora of evidence otherwise. The chapter consists of various examples showcasing the fallacy of ignoring common cause. It also compares the examples, showing that slight changes can lead the other types of false cause fallacies to occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBad Arguments
Subtitle of host publication50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them
PublisherWiley
Pages338-341
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781119165811
ISBN (Print)9781119165781
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

False Cause
Fallacies
Causes
Vaccine
Western philosophy
Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc
Causal
Autism

Keywords

  • Cum hoc ergo propter hoc
  • Ignoring common cause
  • Post hoc ergo propter hoc
  • Western philosophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Manninen, B. (2017). False cause: Ignoring common cause. In Bad Arguments: 50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them (pp. 338-341). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119165811.ch79

False cause : Ignoring common cause. / Manninen, Bertha.

Bad Arguments: 50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them. Wiley, 2017. p. 338-341.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Manninen, B 2017, False cause: Ignoring common cause. in Bad Arguments: 50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them. Wiley, pp. 338-341. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119165811.ch79
Manninen B. False cause: Ignoring common cause. In Bad Arguments: 50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them. Wiley. 2017. p. 338-341 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119165811.ch79
Manninen, Bertha. / False cause : Ignoring common cause. Bad Arguments: 50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them. Wiley, 2017. pp. 338-341
@inbook{12614c06586147128f4c25b176f906b6,
title = "False cause: Ignoring common cause",
abstract = "In general, the false cause fallacy occurs when the “link between premises and conclusion depends on some imagined causal connection that probably does not exist”. There are three different ways an argument can commit the false cause fallacy: post hoc ergo propter hoc; cum hoc ergo propter hoc; and ignoring common cause. This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy, ‘ignoring common cause’. The commercial exploited the false cause fallacy to get consumers to buy its product. This fallacy is also present in many of the arguments concerning the alleged connection between vaccines and autism despite the plethora of evidence otherwise. The chapter consists of various examples showcasing the fallacy of ignoring common cause. It also compares the examples, showing that slight changes can lead the other types of false cause fallacies to occur.",
keywords = "Cum hoc ergo propter hoc, Ignoring common cause, Post hoc ergo propter hoc, Western philosophy",
author = "Bertha Manninen",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/9781119165811.ch79",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781119165781",
pages = "338--341",
booktitle = "Bad Arguments",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - False cause

T2 - Ignoring common cause

AU - Manninen, Bertha

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - In general, the false cause fallacy occurs when the “link between premises and conclusion depends on some imagined causal connection that probably does not exist”. There are three different ways an argument can commit the false cause fallacy: post hoc ergo propter hoc; cum hoc ergo propter hoc; and ignoring common cause. This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy, ‘ignoring common cause’. The commercial exploited the false cause fallacy to get consumers to buy its product. This fallacy is also present in many of the arguments concerning the alleged connection between vaccines and autism despite the plethora of evidence otherwise. The chapter consists of various examples showcasing the fallacy of ignoring common cause. It also compares the examples, showing that slight changes can lead the other types of false cause fallacies to occur.

AB - In general, the false cause fallacy occurs when the “link between premises and conclusion depends on some imagined causal connection that probably does not exist”. There are three different ways an argument can commit the false cause fallacy: post hoc ergo propter hoc; cum hoc ergo propter hoc; and ignoring common cause. This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy, ‘ignoring common cause’. The commercial exploited the false cause fallacy to get consumers to buy its product. This fallacy is also present in many of the arguments concerning the alleged connection between vaccines and autism despite the plethora of evidence otherwise. The chapter consists of various examples showcasing the fallacy of ignoring common cause. It also compares the examples, showing that slight changes can lead the other types of false cause fallacies to occur.

KW - Cum hoc ergo propter hoc

KW - Ignoring common cause

KW - Post hoc ergo propter hoc

KW - Western philosophy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060491070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060491070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/9781119165811.ch79

DO - 10.1002/9781119165811.ch79

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781119165781

SP - 338

EP - 341

BT - Bad Arguments

PB - Wiley

ER -