Faith versus practice: Different bases for religiosity judgments by Jews and Protestants

Adam B. Cohen, Joel I. Siegel, Paul Rozin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Jewish tradition is focused much more on religious practice than on religious belief, whereas various denominations of Christianity focus about equally on religious practice and on faith. We explored whether this difference in dogma affects how Jews and Protestants judge religiosity. In Study 1, we showed that Jews and Protestants rated practice equally important in being religious, while Protestants rated belief more important than did Jews. In Study 2, Jewish participants' self-rated religiosity was predicted by their extent of practice but not knowledge of Judaism or religious beliefs. In contrast, in Study 3, Protestants' self-rated religiosity was predicted both by their extent of practice and belief, but not knowledge. In all, the results show that Jews and Protestants view the importance of practice in being religious similarly, but that belief is more important for Protestants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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