Fair Process, Trust, and Cooperation: Moving Toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy

J. A. Hamm, Rick Trinkner, J. D. Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Positive public perceptions are a critical pillar of the criminal justice system, but the literature addressing them often fails to offer clear advice regarding the important constructs or the relationships among them. The research reported here sought to take an important step toward this clarity by recruiting a national convenience sample to complete an online survey about the police in the respondent’s community, which included measures of the process-based model of legitimacy and the classic model of trust. Our results suggest that although both are predictive, the models can be integrated in a way that allows the strengths of each model to address the weaknesses of the other. We therefore present this model as a first step toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy that can meaningfully incorporate much of the existing scholarship and provide clearer guidance for those who seek to address these constructs in research and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1183-1212
Number of pages30
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume44
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Illegitimacy
Police
legitimacy
police
Criminal Law
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Research
online survey
justice
Surveys and Questionnaires
community

Keywords

  • legitimacy
  • policing
  • procedural fairness
  • trust
  • trustworthiness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Fair Process, Trust, and Cooperation : Moving Toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy. / Hamm, J. A.; Trinkner, Rick; Carr, J. D.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 44, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 1183-1212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{392a4c35195b4cc682eb888730657c2f,
title = "Fair Process, Trust, and Cooperation: Moving Toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy",
abstract = "Positive public perceptions are a critical pillar of the criminal justice system, but the literature addressing them often fails to offer clear advice regarding the important constructs or the relationships among them. The research reported here sought to take an important step toward this clarity by recruiting a national convenience sample to complete an online survey about the police in the respondent’s community, which included measures of the process-based model of legitimacy and the classic model of trust. Our results suggest that although both are predictive, the models can be integrated in a way that allows the strengths of each model to address the weaknesses of the other. We therefore present this model as a first step toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy that can meaningfully incorporate much of the existing scholarship and provide clearer guidance for those who seek to address these constructs in research and practice.",
keywords = "legitimacy, policing, procedural fairness, trust, trustworthiness",
author = "Hamm, {J. A.} and Rick Trinkner and Carr, {J. D.}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0093854817710058",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "1183--1212",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fair Process, Trust, and Cooperation

T2 - Moving Toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy

AU - Hamm, J. A.

AU - Trinkner, Rick

AU - Carr, J. D.

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Positive public perceptions are a critical pillar of the criminal justice system, but the literature addressing them often fails to offer clear advice regarding the important constructs or the relationships among them. The research reported here sought to take an important step toward this clarity by recruiting a national convenience sample to complete an online survey about the police in the respondent’s community, which included measures of the process-based model of legitimacy and the classic model of trust. Our results suggest that although both are predictive, the models can be integrated in a way that allows the strengths of each model to address the weaknesses of the other. We therefore present this model as a first step toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy that can meaningfully incorporate much of the existing scholarship and provide clearer guidance for those who seek to address these constructs in research and practice.

AB - Positive public perceptions are a critical pillar of the criminal justice system, but the literature addressing them often fails to offer clear advice regarding the important constructs or the relationships among them. The research reported here sought to take an important step toward this clarity by recruiting a national convenience sample to complete an online survey about the police in the respondent’s community, which included measures of the process-based model of legitimacy and the classic model of trust. Our results suggest that although both are predictive, the models can be integrated in a way that allows the strengths of each model to address the weaknesses of the other. We therefore present this model as a first step toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy that can meaningfully incorporate much of the existing scholarship and provide clearer guidance for those who seek to address these constructs in research and practice.

KW - legitimacy

KW - policing

KW - procedural fairness

KW - trust

KW - trustworthiness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027516393&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027516393&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0093854817710058

DO - 10.1177/0093854817710058

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85027516393

VL - 44

SP - 1183

EP - 1212

JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

JF - Criminal Justice and Behavior

SN - 0093-8548

IS - 9

ER -