Factors associated with work-related accidents and sickness among maquiladora workers: The case of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico

H. Balcazar, C. Denman, Francisco Lara-Valencia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The health problems of maquiladora workers were explored in a sample of 497 workers of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico. The workers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire containing four sections: a sociodemographic profile, occupational history, working conditions, and a health profile. Overall, 12.6 percent of the workers reported having an accident while working in the maquila, more than 40 percent of these requiring at least one day of disability, and 18.3 percent of workers reported having an episode of sickness/disease. More than 60 percent perceived health-related risks associated with working conditions. The presence of a doctor or nurse in the plant (odds ratio = 0.30), a perception of risk associated with working conditions (odds ratio = 1.85), and the plant offering information about work-related risks (odds ratio = 0.39) were among the significant predictors of work-related accidents and disease/sickness. The authors discuss the implications of these results for programs and policies to improve safety conditions in the maquiladora industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-502
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Health Services
Volume25
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1995

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Mexico
Accidents
accident
illness
Odds Ratio
worker
working conditions
Health
health
Disease
Industry
Nurses
Safety
nurse
disability
industry
questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

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