Factors Associated With Substance Use Disorders Among Traumatized Homeless Youth

Sanna J. Thompson, Kimberly Bender, Kristin M. Ferguson, Yeonwoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


This study aimed to identify homeless youths’ lifestyle and trauma-related risk factors as well as protective factors associated with alcohol use disorder or no disorder and drug use disorder or no disorder. Youth receiving homeless services in Denver (n = 201), Austin (n = 200), and Los Angeles (n = 200; N = 601) completed quantitative interviews assessing demographic information, alcohol and drug use, homeless lifestyle risk factors, trauma-related risk factors, and protective factors. Findings showed differences in trauma-related risk factors between alcohol and drug use disorders, but not homeless lifestyle risks. Protective factors predicted substance use disorders beyond risk factors. Understanding trauma-related risk and protective factors associated with substance use disorders could improve interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-89
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • homeless youth
  • protective factors
  • risk factors
  • substance abuse
  • trauma
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Rehabilitation


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