Factors associated with long-term renal allograft survival

Bruce Kaplan, Titte R. Srinivas, Herwig Ulf Meier-Kriesche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


Major advances in immunosuppression and reductions in the rates of acute rejection have led to increasing graft and patient survival rates during the past two decades. Chronic dysfunction of the renal allograft, however, remains a major clinical problem and probably represents the end result of the complex interplay between donor and recipient factors, immunologic injury, nonimmunologic insults, and drug-induced nephrotoxicity. Optimal function of the renal allograft is obtained by maintaining a balance between underimmunosuppression and acute rejection and overimmunosuppression and drug-induced toxicities. To minimize side effects while maintaining efficacy, immunosuppressive drugs are commonly used as combination therapy. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between these agents can affect graft survival and function. The evidence supporting the role of therapeutic drug monitoring as applied to commonly used immunosuppressants in modem transplantation is presented here, and the increasing role of therapeutic drug monitoring in the optimization of graft and patient survival rates in the modern era of renal transplantation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-39
Number of pages4
JournalTherapeutic Drug Monitoring
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 9 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Factors associated with long-term renal allograft survival'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this