Extraglottic Airway Device Misplacement: A Novel Classification System and Findings in Postmortem Computed Tomography

Tatsuya Norii, Yohsuke Makino, Kana Unuma, Gary M. Hatch, Natalie L. Adolphi, Sarah Dallo, Danielle Albright, David P. Sklar, Darren Braude

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objective: Extraglottic airway devices are frequently used during cardiac arrest resuscitations and for failed intubation attempts. Recent literature suggests that many extraglottic airway devices are misplaced. The aim of this study is to create a classification system for extraglottic airway device misplacement and describe its frequency in a cohort of decedents who died with an extraglottic airway device in situ. Methods: We assembled a cohort of all decedents who died with an extraglottic airway device in situ and underwent postmortem computed tomographic (CT) imaging at the state medical examiner's office during a 6-year period, using retrospective data. An expert panel developed a novel extraglottic airway device misplacement classification system. We then applied the schema in reviewing postmortem CT for extraglottic airway device position and potential complications. Results: We identified 341 eligible decedents. The median age was 47.0 years (interquartile range 32 to 59 years). Out-of-hospital personnel placed extraglottic airway devices in 265 patients (77.7%) who subsequently died out of hospital; the remainder died inhospital. The classification system consisted of 6 components: depth, size, rotation, device kinking, mechanical blockage of ventilation opening, and injury. Under the system, extraglottic airway devices were found to be misplaced in 49 cases (14.4%), including 5 (1.5%) that resulted in severe injuries. Conclusion: We created a novel extraglottic airway device misplacement classification system. Misplacement occurred in greater than 14% of cases. Severe traumatic complications occurred rarely. Quality improvement activities should include review of extraglottic airway device placement when CT images are available and use the classification system to describe misplacements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-295
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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