Extracting structural vegetation components from small-footprint waveform lidar for biomass estimation in savanna ecosystems

Joseph McGlinchy, Jan A.N. Van Aardt, Barend Erasmus, Gregory P. Asner, Renaud Mathieu, Konrad Wessels, David Knapp, Ty Kennedy-Bowdoin, Harvey Rhody, John P. Kerekes, Emmett J. Ientilucci, Jiaying Wu, Diane Sarrazin, Kerry Cawse-Nicholson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurement of vegetation biomass accumulation is critical for ecosystem assessment and monitoring, but doing so typically involves extensive field data collection that yields relatively crude structural outputs, e.g., plot- or site-level metrics. This study assessed the utility of airborne light detection and ranging (lidar) waveform features to explain structural and biomass variation in a savanna ecosystem across a land-use gradient. The ability of aboveground waveform lidar features to model field-based woody and herbaceous biomass measurements was evaluated statistically by regression models using forward variable selection. Waveform features explained 76% of the variation in woody biomass in a regulated communal land use area (RMSE = 29.0 kg). The waveform features were also correlated to herbaceous measurements in the same land-use area, with increased correlations at higher biomass levels. These results indicate that small-footprint waveform lidar data potentially can be used as a single modality to describe heterogeneous woody cover in a savanna environment; however, further research is warranted during the full growing season to fully evaluate its performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6578207
Pages (from-to)480-490
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

footprint
savanna
Ecosystems
Biomass
Land use
ecosystem
vegetation
biomass
land use
growing season
detection
Monitoring
monitoring

Keywords

  • Biomass estimation
  • feature extraction
  • lidar
  • waveform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Extracting structural vegetation components from small-footprint waveform lidar for biomass estimation in savanna ecosystems. / McGlinchy, Joseph; Van Aardt, Jan A.N.; Erasmus, Barend; Asner, Gregory P.; Mathieu, Renaud; Wessels, Konrad; Knapp, David; Kennedy-Bowdoin, Ty; Rhody, Harvey; Kerekes, John P.; Ientilucci, Emmett J.; Wu, Jiaying; Sarrazin, Diane; Cawse-Nicholson, Kerry.

In: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol. 7, No. 2, 6578207, 01.02.2014, p. 480-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McGlinchy, J, Van Aardt, JAN, Erasmus, B, Asner, GP, Mathieu, R, Wessels, K, Knapp, D, Kennedy-Bowdoin, T, Rhody, H, Kerekes, JP, Ientilucci, EJ, Wu, J, Sarrazin, D & Cawse-Nicholson, K 2014, 'Extracting structural vegetation components from small-footprint waveform lidar for biomass estimation in savanna ecosystems', IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 7, no. 2, 6578207, pp. 480-490. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2013.2274761
McGlinchy, Joseph ; Van Aardt, Jan A.N. ; Erasmus, Barend ; Asner, Gregory P. ; Mathieu, Renaud ; Wessels, Konrad ; Knapp, David ; Kennedy-Bowdoin, Ty ; Rhody, Harvey ; Kerekes, John P. ; Ientilucci, Emmett J. ; Wu, Jiaying ; Sarrazin, Diane ; Cawse-Nicholson, Kerry. / Extracting structural vegetation components from small-footprint waveform lidar for biomass estimation in savanna ecosystems. In: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 480-490.
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