Extracting human temporal orientation from Facebook language

H. Andrew Schwartz, Gregory J. Park, Maarten Sap, Evan Weingarten, Johannes Eichstaedt, Margaret L. Kern, David Stillwell, Michal Kosinski, Jonah Berger, Martin Seligman, Lyle H. Ungar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

People vary widely in their temporal orientation-how often they emphasize the past, present, and future-and this affects their finances, health, and happiness. Traditionally, temporal orientation has been assessed by self-report questionnaires. In this paper, we develop a novel behavior-based assessment using human language on Facebook. We first create a past, present, and future message classifier, engineering features and evaluating a variety of classification techniques. Our message classifier achieves an accuracy of 71.8%, compared with 52.8% from the most frequent class and 58.6% from a model based entirely on time expression features. We quantify a users' overall temporal orientation based on their distribution of messages and validate it against known human correlates: conscientiousness, age, and gender. We then explore social scientific questions, finding novel associations with the factors openness to experience, satisfaction with life, depression, IQ, and one's number of friends. Further, demonstrating how one can track orientation over time, we find differences in future orientation around birthdays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNAACL HLT 2015 - 2015 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics
Subtitle of host publicationHuman Language Technologies, Proceedings of the Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Pages409-419
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781941643495
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventConference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, NAACL HLT 2015 - Denver, United States
Duration: May 31 2015Jun 5 2015

Publication series

NameNAACL HLT 2015 - 2015 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Proceedings of the Conference

Other

OtherConference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, NAACL HLT 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver
Period5/31/156/5/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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