Extensional tilt blocks on Miranda

Evidence for an upwelling origin of Arden Corona

Robert T. Pappalardo, Stephen Reynolds, Ronald Greeley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subparallel ridges and troughs in the outer belt of Arden Corona, on the Uranian satellite Miranda, are interpreted as tilt blocks formed by extension and normal faulting. Fault scarps generally face outward from the corona, exposing dark material in the subsurface. Reconstruction of faults along a deep rift zone bounding the corona suggests initial dips of ∼50°. Local extension reaches ∼70%, extremely high in comparison to previous estimates of strain on icy satellites. A rise adjacent to the rift zone is modeled as flexural and indicates an effective elastic lithospheric thickness of ∼2 km at the time of flexure. The assumption that faulting has significantly weakened the lithosphere suggests a mechanical lithosphere thickness of ∼5 to 10 km. Corresponding thermal gradients in a frictionally controlled ice lithosphere are ∼8 to 20 K km-1, and lithospheric tensional strength is ∼0.4 to 1.8 MPa. Normal faulting in Arden Corona indicates that internal upwelling likely formed the corona, and the outward facing direction of faults is consistent with such a model. An upwelling origin of Miranda's coronae eliminates the need to invoke catastrophic breakup and reaccretion of the satellite as an explanation for its surface geology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number97JE00802
Pages (from-to)13369-13379
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research E: Planets
Volume102
Issue numberE6
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Miranda
Faulting
upwelling water
tilt
coronas
corona
upwelling
Satellites
lithosphere
faulting
Ice
Geology
rift zone
Miranda satellite
Thermal gradients
icy satellites
spacecraft breakup
escarpments
flexing
flexure

Keywords

  • Collisionally activated dissociation
  • Diffusive transfer
  • Flutriafol
  • Gel electrophoresis
  • MALDI
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Photodissociation
  • Proteome
  • Quadrupole ion trap tandem mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Extensional tilt blocks on Miranda : Evidence for an upwelling origin of Arden Corona. / Pappalardo, Robert T.; Reynolds, Stephen; Greeley, Ronald.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets, Vol. 102, No. E6, 97JE00802, 1997, p. 13369-13379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Subparallel ridges and troughs in the outer belt of Arden Corona, on the Uranian satellite Miranda, are interpreted as tilt blocks formed by extension and normal faulting. Fault scarps generally face outward from the corona, exposing dark material in the subsurface. Reconstruction of faults along a deep rift zone bounding the corona suggests initial dips of ∼50°. Local extension reaches ∼70%, extremely high in comparison to previous estimates of strain on icy satellites. A rise adjacent to the rift zone is modeled as flexural and indicates an effective elastic lithospheric thickness of ∼2 km at the time of flexure. The assumption that faulting has significantly weakened the lithosphere suggests a mechanical lithosphere thickness of ∼5 to 10 km. Corresponding thermal gradients in a frictionally controlled ice lithosphere are ∼8 to 20 K km-1, and lithospheric tensional strength is ∼0.4 to 1.8 MPa. Normal faulting in Arden Corona indicates that internal upwelling likely formed the corona, and the outward facing direction of faults is consistent with such a model. An upwelling origin of Miranda's coronae eliminates the need to invoke catastrophic breakup and reaccretion of the satellite as an explanation for its surface geology.

AB - Subparallel ridges and troughs in the outer belt of Arden Corona, on the Uranian satellite Miranda, are interpreted as tilt blocks formed by extension and normal faulting. Fault scarps generally face outward from the corona, exposing dark material in the subsurface. Reconstruction of faults along a deep rift zone bounding the corona suggests initial dips of ∼50°. Local extension reaches ∼70%, extremely high in comparison to previous estimates of strain on icy satellites. A rise adjacent to the rift zone is modeled as flexural and indicates an effective elastic lithospheric thickness of ∼2 km at the time of flexure. The assumption that faulting has significantly weakened the lithosphere suggests a mechanical lithosphere thickness of ∼5 to 10 km. Corresponding thermal gradients in a frictionally controlled ice lithosphere are ∼8 to 20 K km-1, and lithospheric tensional strength is ∼0.4 to 1.8 MPa. Normal faulting in Arden Corona indicates that internal upwelling likely formed the corona, and the outward facing direction of faults is consistent with such a model. An upwelling origin of Miranda's coronae eliminates the need to invoke catastrophic breakup and reaccretion of the satellite as an explanation for its surface geology.

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