Extension of the thermodynamics of small systems to open metastable states: An example

Terrell L. Hill, Ralph Chamberlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

By using a simplified model of small open liquid-like clusters with surface effects, in the gas phase, it is shown how the statistical thermodynamics of small systems can be extended to include metastable supersaturated gaseous states not too far from the gas-liquid equilibrium transition point. To accomplish this, one has to distinguish between mathematical divergence and physical convergence of the open-system partition function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12779-12782
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume95
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 1998

Keywords

  • Gas phase
  • Open partition function
  • Physical convergence
  • Spherical clusters
  • Surface effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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