Extended duration of DH-JH rearrangement in immunoglobulin heavy chain transgenic mice: Implications for regulation of allelic exclusion

Yung Chang, Melvin J. Bosma, Gayle C. Bosma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we show that suppression of VH-DJH rearrangement in mice bearing a μ heavy (H) chain transgene (μ-tg mice) is associated with an extended period of DH-JH rearrangement, the first step of Immunoglobulin H chain gene rearrangement. Whereas DH-JH rearrangement is normally initiated and completed at the pro-B cell stage, in μ-tg mice it continues beyond this stage and occurs most frequently at the small (late) pre-B stage. Despite ongoing DH-JH rearrangement in late pre-B cells of μ-tg mice, VH-DJH rearrangement is not detectable in these cells. We infer that the lack of VH- DJH rearrangement primarily reflects tg-induced acceleration orb cell differentiation past the stage at which rearrangement of VH elements is permissible. In support of this inference, we find that the normal representation of early B lineage subsets is markedly altered in μ-tg mice. We suggest that the effect of a productive VH-DJH rearrangement at an endogenous H chain allele may be similar to that of a μ-tg; i.e., cells that make a productive VH-DJH rearrangement on the first attempt rapidly progress to a developmental stage that precludes VH-DJH rearrangement at the other allele (allelic exclusion).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1295-1305
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume189
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 1999

Keywords

  • Allelic exclusion
  • B cell differentiation
  • Immunoglobulin transgenic mice
  • V(D)J rearrangement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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